* 21 years of persecution by the Georgian authorities

* 4 arrests: October 14, 1995;
November 16, 2005; November 24, 2007;
September 10, 2016.

* 7 legal suits against Georgian authorities:
in 1996, 1997, 1998, 2004, 2005 and 2008

* 12 years in the wanted list —
since December 9, 2005

* 3 months in custody (in absentia) —
sentence from December 9, 2005

* Political émigré

* Political asylum. Refugee status in Russian Federation — February 26, 2008

* 10 years in custody (in absentia) —
    sentence from September 24, 2008